This section provides an overview of resources and platforms that can be used to access data on food trends. It also introduces the Commission’s policies and instruments to address food insecurity.
DG ECHO funding for HFA and nutrition in 2012
DG ECHO funding for HFA and nutrition in 2013
DG ECHO funding for HFA and nutrition in 2014
It is important to remember that food insecurity is not only linked to the consequences of a disaster or emergency. Even in the case of a food crisis, the Commission will perform a careful analysis of needs and causes in order to define the best type of response that will best tackle those needs.
To better define priorities and objectives, the Commission elaborated two separate but interlinked documents: An EU policy framework to assist developing countries in addressing food security challenges and DG ECHO Thematic Policy Document n° 1 – Humanitarian Food Assistance, from Food Aid to Food Assistance.
Alternative funding sources available will also be reviewed, to avoid creating disincentives to the engagement of more appropriate actors across the relief and development sector.
The European Union itself can use other non-humanitarian instruments and programmes for addressing developmental food assistance and food security needs.
European development Fund
The European Development Fund (EDF) is the EU’s main instrument for providing development aid to African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and to overseas countries and territories (OCTs).
The EDF funds cooperation activities in the fields of economic development, social and human development as well as regional cooperation and integration.
The 11th EDF entered into force on the 1st March 2015 and aims to ensure more flexibility and fast reaction in case of unexpected events. Regional funding also includes allocations to cover unforeseen needs with a regional dimension and a new shock-absorbing scheme is set up to help ACP countries to mitigate the short-term effects of exogenous shocks such as economic crisis or natural disaster.
More information here.
Global Public Goods and Challenges Program
The GPGC programme seeks to foster economically, socially and environmentally sustainable development in an integrated and holistic way aiming of promoting good governance, political stability and security and the requirement for policy coherence in external action. The overall objective is to support inclusive sustainable development: environment and climate change, sustainable energy, human development, food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture, migration and asylum.
Under the new GPGC programme, food security has been made one of five strategic areas.
More information here.
EU Trust Funds
The Financial Regulation (2013) authorises the European Commission to set up and manage European trust funds under an agreement concluded with other donors.
EU Trust Funds (EUTFs) are a young add-on to the EU’s external action instruments. Their creation responds to the EU’s will to deliver more flexible, comprehensive and effective joint EU support, and increase the EU’s global visibility and political weight, particularly in challenging contexts.
Trust Funds are aid instruments that allow the pooling of considerable volumes of aid from different sources. A trust fund can be country-specific, regional, or global in its geographic scope, and respond to different thematic priorities. Trust funds are governed by a specific legal arrangement between donors, which specifies governance procedures, financial and operational reporting requirements, and spending priorities.
Currently, the EU counts three EUTFs:
– EU Bêkou Trust Fund for the Central African Republic, (2014);
– EU Regional Trust Fund for Syria (Madad Fund) (2014);
– EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (‘the Africa Trust Fund’) (2015).
The European Trust Fund for the Central African Republic – Bêkou Trust Fund
The EU Trust Fund for the Central African Republic (CAR) aims to prepare the transition from emergency response, such as humanitarian aid, towards longer-term development assistance, according to the so-called linking relief, rehabilitation and development (LRRD), approach.
The activities will also focus on enabling neighbouring countries to overcome the consequences of the crisis in CAR.
With an initial amount of €64 million the Bêkou Trust Fund creates an effective and coordinated international instrument to help the population of the CAR and contribute to its stabilisation. Learn more.
EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis
The EU Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis was launched one year ago to provide a regional response to a regional crisis, thus enabling the EU and its Member States to jointly intervene, flexibly and quickly, in response to shifting needs.
It is designed to improve efficiency and coherence through financing multi-partner, multi-country and multi-year actions.
The programmes will in the coming months help up to 1.5 million Syrian refugees and overstretched host communities in Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan and Iraq through the provision of basic education and child protection, better access to healthcare, improved water and waste-water infrastructure, as well as support to resilience, economic opportunities and social inclusion.
According to recent data, current contributions and pledges will reach more than €500 million. Find more.
EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (2015)
The Emergency Trust Fund for Africa became one of the flagship deliverables of the Valletta Summit held in November 2015, when EU and African leaders signed a political declaration and adopted an Action Plan to jointly address the challenges and opportunities of migration.
The Africa Trust Fund covers three vast and very different regions: the Horn of Africa, the Sahel and Lake Chad, and North Africa.
The primary aim is to to tackle the root causes of irregular migration and displacement in countries of origin, transit and destination.
The priority sectors are: 1) Economic Programmes, 2) Resilience, 3) Migration Management and 4) Stability and Governance
The EU has pooled together €1.8 billion up-to-now. Find more.
DG NEAR, European Neighbourhood Policy
ECHO needs assessments
EuropeAid 2014 – Research and Innovation – Food and Nutrition Security / Sustainable Agriculture. Development and Cooperation
EuropeAid, Development Cooperation Instrument
EuropeAid, Global Public Goods and Challenges Program
EuropeAid, Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace
European Development Fund
European Union External Action Service, Instrument for Stability
FAO, Hunger Map
FAP, IFAD, WFP The State of Food Insecurity in the World. 2015.
The Economist Intelligence Unit, Global Food Security Index
WFP, Global Food Security Update
The African Peace Facility