Humanitarian responses supported by ECHO and Social protection, Social transfers and Safety Nets

This sections explains the meaning and the role of Social protection, Social transfers and Safety Nets.
Considering that these instruments are often framed in long term programmes, we believe important to give a very short overview of the definitions used by the Commission and to clarify the role of DG ECHO humanitarian food assistance.
Practical cases, examples and lessons learnt are also provided.

What is a Social Protection?

Social protection is a specific set of actions to address the vulnerability of people

What is a Social Transfer for the EU?

Social transfers, in the EU document Social Transfer in the fight against hunger, refer to non-contributory, publicly funded, direct, regular and predictable resource transfers (in cash or in kind) to poor and vulnerable individuals or households, aimed at reducing their deficits in consumption, protecting them from shocks (including economic and climatic shocks), and, in some cases, strengthening their productive capacity.

What is a Safety Net for the EU?

The term was introduced to refer to a temporary measure to catch those who were transiently made vulnerable through structural adjustment and liberalisation (e.g. transfers to households or subsidy programmes). The term

What is the role of ECHO?

As mentioned in Topic 3 and Topic 5 the EU

What can ECHO fund?

ECHO funds will not directly fund governments to set up and implement long term social protection, social transfers, and safety nets but can be used:
– To advocate for their development in order to reduce vulnerability and as a suitable Linking Relief and Rehabilitation Development (LRRD) plan
– To temporarily support safety nets as a temporary social transfer project operated outside government structures
– Whenever deemed appropriate in term of targeting and efficiency, ECHO can support its partners in using existing government’s led programmes as ‘channel’ to transfer cash (or other resources) to humanitarian crisis affected beneficiaries only
– As part of the HFA toolbox, ECHO can support transfer of in-kind, voucher and cash to beneficiaries for transient food insecurity via its partners for a defined period of time

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EUROPEAN CIVIL PROTECTION AND HUMANITARIAN AID OPERATIONS

TOPIC 3\

Trends

TOPIC 4\

HFA overview

TOPIC 8\

HFA toolbox

TOPIC 10\

Targeting

TOPIC 14\

Gender and HFA

TOPIC 17\

Coordination

TOPIC 18\

LEGS

TOPIC 20\

Food utilisation

TOPIC 21\

IPC

TOPIC 22\

Market Assesment

TOPIC 23\

HFA Indicators