This section provides an overview of resources and platforms that can be used to access data on food trends. It also introduces the Commission policies and instruments to address food insecurity.
The world is currently facing the huge challenge of achieving sustainable food and nutrition security for a growing population with more diverse consumption patterns in the face of increasingly scarce natural resources and impacts of climate change. This challenge is most severe in developing countries where rates of poverty remain high.
DG ECHO funding for HFA and nutrition in 2012
DG ECHO funding for HFA and nutrition in 2013
DG ECHO funding for HFA and nutrition in 2014
It is important to remember that food insecurity is not only linked to the consequences of a disaster or emergency. Even in the case of a food crisis, the Commission will perform a careful analysis of needs and causes in order to define the best type of response that will best tackle those needs.
To better define priorities and objectives, the Commission elaborated two separate but interlinked documents: An EU policy framework to assist developing countries in addressing food security challenges and DG ECHO Thematic Policy Document n° 1
European development Fund
The European Development Fund (EDF) is the EU’s main instrument for providing development aid to African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and to overseas countries and territories (OCTs).
The EDF funds cooperation activities in the fields of economic development, social and human development as well as regional cooperation and integration.
The 11th EDF entered into force on the 1st March 2015 and aims to ensure more flexibility and fast reaction in case of unexpected events. Regional funding also includes allocations to cover unforeseen needs with a regional dimension and a new shock-absorbing scheme is set up to help ACP countries to mitigate the short-term effects of exogenous shocks such as economic crisis or natural disaster.
More information here.
Global Public Goods and Challenges Program
The GPGC programme seeks to foster economically, socially and environmentally sustainable development in an integrated and holistic way aiming of promoting good governance, political stability and security and the requirement for policy coherence in external action. The overall objective is to support inclusive sustainable development: environment and climate change, sustainable energy, human development, food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture, migration and asylum.
Under the new GPGC programme, food security has been made one of five strategic areas.
EU Trust Funds
The Financial Regulation (2013) authorises the European Commission to set up and manage European trust funds under an agreement concluded with other donors.
EU Trust Funds (EUTFs) are a young add-on to the EU’s external action instruments. Their creation responds to the EU’s will to deliver more flexible, comprehensive and effective joint EU support, and increase the EU’s global visibility and political weight, particularly in challenging contexts.
Trust Funds are aid instruments that allow the pooling of considerable volumes of aid from different sources. A trust fund can be country-specific, regional, or global in its geographic scope, and respond to different thematic priorities. Trust funds are governed by a specific legal arrangement between donors, which specifies governance procedures, financial and operational reporting requirements, and spending priorities.
Currently, the EU counts four EUTFs:
The European Trust Fund for the Central African Republic – Bêkou Trust Fund.
Five years after its creation in 2014, the Bêkou Trust Fund has already almost quadrupled its resources (from €64 million to €243 million) and has launched 17 programmes, which have already provided tangible results for half of the population of the Central African Republic.
The EU, France, Germany as well as Switzerland have pledged around €55 million for the extension.
EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis – Madad Trust Fund
The EU Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis was launched in 2014 to provide a regional response to a regional crisis, thus enabling the EU and its Member States to jointly intervene, flexibly and quickly, in response to shifting needs. The Trust Fund covers a variety of sectors:
Further information available here.
EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (2015)
The Emergency Trust Fund for Africa became one of the flagship deliverables of the Valletta Summit held in November 2015, when EU and African leaders signed a political declaration and adopted an Action Plan to jointly address the challenges and opportunities of migration.
The Africa Trust Fund covers three vast and very different regions: the Horn of Africa, the Sahel and Lake Chad, and North Africa.
The primary aim is to to tackle the root causes of irregular migration and displacement in countries of origin, transit and destination.
The priority sectors are: 1) Economic Programmes, 2) Resilience, 3) Migration Management and 4) Stability and Governance
The EU has pooled together €4.7 billion up-to-now.
More information is available here.
EU Trust Fund for Colombia
The EU Trust Fund for Colombia was created in response to the request of the Colombian Government to receive technical and financial support from the EU for implementing the Peace Agreement.
Through its projects, the Fund is stimulating economic activity and productivity, strengthening the legitimizing presence of the State, rebuilding the social fabric and supporting the reconciliation and social and economic reintegration of ex-combatants.
The overall aim is to help Colombia to secure a stable and lasting peace, to rebuild its social and economic fabric, and to give new hope to the people of Colombia.
Priority is given to rural areas, which have been disproportionately affected by the conflict.